Method, applications and effectiveness of academic and student coaching
- It is a method that brings concrete and measurable/verifiable results,
- Coaching is a short, productive, efficient, empowering and focused action,
- It makes the student active and responsible,
- The work is based on the specific situation of the student, it is a personalized approach,
- The field of intervention of coaching extends to a large number of problems.
It is truly a student-centered problem-solving method and a process of reflection and introspection, aimed at finding solutions or making choices. This method makes the student ACTIVE by pushing them to reflect on themselves, what they are doing and what they need to do and this helps them to overcome their difficulties, find their way or reach a specific goal.
Coaching is a type of "à la carte" support, which is based on the student's specific problem and which aims to mobilize his resources, to apply his solutions and to make him autonomous with regard to his problem AND the coach.
In the majority of school or university problems, coaching unblocks the reflection or the problems, in 3 to 6 sessions on average.
Coaching can be proposed for all problems related to the following dimensions, for example:
- Professional project,
- Preparation for exams, competitive exams, oral exams,
- Work and writing of thesis,
- Preparation for job search or internship,
- Preparation for job interviews.
The above names of the different types of coaching and their main purpose are somewhat artificial and are only framed in this way for the sake of a presentation that is intended to be as "meaningful" as possible. In most cases, in a concrete case, we may have to combine several actions to take into account the student's problems as a whole and to reach the set objective.
Moreover, when the student is asked to identify his or her problems and define his or her need for support at the first meeting, it is not uncommon for the problems to be multiple.
The effectiveness of coaching is based on a targeted and relevant reflection between the coach and his client, on a situation, to define potential solutions, to make choices and to implement them in order to progress towards the objective. Coaching is based on concreteness and tries to bring concrete solutions to be implemented between sessions to validate them. It is quite simple:
diagnosis > search for the best solution > test > validation
and if it doesn't work, we start again.
The personal investment of the student is really the key.
Therefore, when the student is forced to follow a coaching program and does not invest himself, it is common that the coaching is ineffective.
Again, coaching is a short, productive, effective, empowering, focused and concrete action that can occur at any time of the year.
The number of sessions is limited in time and depends on the issue.
It varies from 3/6 sessions to a maximum of ten sessions.
The duration of the sessions I propose is one hour, but can vary if needed between 1 hour and 1 hour 30 minutes.